A novel channel allocation method for time synchronization in wireless sensor networks
MetadataShow full item record
Channel allocation in the wireless sensor networks is one of the important issues, and these networks must allocate shared channels between sensor nodes in the transmission phase. This paper proposes a novel protocol for channel allocation, so it focuses on energy efficiency and collisions avoidance. The main idea of this protocol is based on the Guaranteed Time Slot approach by using novel high-rate collaborative codes. The sum rate of the proposed collaborative codes is double than the conventional codes, thus increasing the capacity of codes and allowing more nodes to simultaneously transmit at a given time slot. The proposed protocol has a cluster-based structure, so the sensor nodes of each cluster can communicate together only inside of the any cluster. The protocol performs clustering (grouping) of the nodes based on the geometric distance from the coordinator node and hence allocating different transmission power to each cluster. Because of the difference in transmission power among the groups, the same codes can be reused in the adjacent groups increasing the overall sum rate of the codes. The performance of a proposed protocol is evaluated through extensive simulation and analysis. It is shown from the results that the proposed scheme outperforms significantly the existing ZigBee Guaranteed Time Slot allocation schemes as well as the conventional collaborative codes. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.