New challenges for leading the change for the psychological consequences of pandemics: workplace loneliness, work alienation, and spiritual well-being in the post-COVID-19 era
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With the needs for change and adaptation brought by the COVID-19 pandemic, management of the concerns regarding workplace loneliness, work alienation, and spiritual well-being stands as a critical challenge for the organizations. Although these concepts are not new and have increasingly been a focus of attention in recent decades, contemporary radical changes in work methods and work concept such as increased use of technology, digitalization, social distancing at work, and virtual working make them much more crucial for the success of organizations. The purpose of this chapter is to address adverse psychological work-related outcomes of the pandemic and provide practical implications and recommendations for leaders for effective management of the processes regarding these outcomes during and after the pandemic.