Real time active power control in smart grid
A power balance between supply and demand is essential for reliable and stable operation of power grids. The mismatch between supply and demand causes the frequency deviations which results in malfunction of most of the electrical devices. Moreover, it affects the system stability resulting in system blackouts as that of USA, in 2003. For decades the balancing of supply and demand was based on generation side control of power systems through ahead of time generation dispatch scheduling. The smart grid is being used today to describe technologies and methods that automatically and rapidly isolate faults, restore power, monitor demand, and maintain and restore stability for more reliable electric power. Thus, in this study, a method of controlling active power (balancing demand and supply) in real time is proposed. This method is feasible in smart grid as communication and advanced information technologies are used for real time data exchange about the generation, demand, storage, market, environmental conditions, and other necessary data. These data are important in making decisions about real-time supply and demand balancing in the smart grid. Additionally, in smart grid, taking the advantage of demand response and storage systems, it is possible to balance demand and supply in realtime. The simulation is done by the DigSilent Power Factory simulation tool for verification of the proposed method. In addition to an electric network modeling part of the simulation tool, the DigSilent Programming Language (DPL) feature is used for coding the decision making program. © 2017 IEEE.