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dc.contributor.authorHedberg, Nancy
dc.contributor.authorSosa, Juan M.
dc.contributor.authorGörgülü, Emrah
dc.descriptionWOS: 000412123500004en_US
dc.description.abstractIn order to investigate the distinct nuances of meaning conveyed by the different intonational contours encountered in yes-no questions in English, we conducted a corpus study of the intonation of 410 naturally occurring spoken -interrogative-form yes-no questions in American English. First we annotated the intonation of each question using ToBI and then examined the meaning of each utterance in the context. We found that the low-rise nuclear contour (e.g., L*H-H%) is the unmarked question contour and is by far the most frequently -occurring. Yes-no questions with falling intonation (e.g. H*L-L%) do not occur frequently, but when they do, they can be classified in speech act terms as "non-genuine" questions, where one or more felicity conditions on genuine questions are not met. Level questions (e.g., L*H-L%) tend to be "stylized" in meaning and pattern with falling questions in being non-genuine. We also found that the pitch accent on high-rise questions (e.g., H*H-H%), where the final pitch contour starts high and ends higher, tends to mark information that is given in the discourse or a function word. These are syllables that would normally remain unaccented parts of the post-nuclear "tail" of the intonation phrase. This leads us to propose that many such accents are "post-nuclear accents" in the sense of Ladd 2008.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSocial Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Standard Research [410-20070345]; Simon Fraser Universityen_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Standard Research Grant #410-20070345 to Nancy Hedberg and Juan M. Sosa, as well as several small grants from Simon Fraser University. The authors are very grateful to Lorna Fadden for assistance on preparatory work for this project and to three anonymous reviewers.en_US
dc.publisherDE GRUYTER MOUTONen_US
dc.relation.ispartofCorpus Linguistics And Linguistic Theoryen_US
dc.subjectYes-no questionsen_US
dc.subjectIntonational meaningen_US
dc.subjectAmerican Englishen_US
dc.subjectCorpus studyen_US
dc.titleThe meaning of intonation in yes-no questions in American English: a corpus studyen_US
dc.authoridEmrah Görgülü |0000-0003-0879-1049
dc.departmentEğitim Fakültesien_US
dc.relation.publicationcategoryMakale - Uluslararası Hakemli Dergi - Kurum Öğretim Elemanıen_US
dc.institutionauthorGörgülü, Emrah
dc.department-temp[Hedberg, Nancy] Simon Fraser Univ, Linguist, 8888 Univ Dr, Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6, Canada; [Sosa, Juan M.] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Linguist, Florianopolis, SC, Brazil; [Görgülü, Emrah] Istanbul Sabahattin Zaim Univ, English Language Teaching, Istanbul, Turkeyen_US

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